WASHINGTON - The Supreme Court on Monday struck down
a federal law that bars gambling on football, basketball, baseball and
other sports in most states, giving states the go-ahead to legalize
betting on sports.
The Supreme Court ruled 6-3 to strike down the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection
Act. The 1992 law barred state-authorized sports gambling with some
exceptions. It made Nevada the only state where a person could wager on
the results of a single game.
One research firm estimated
before the ruling that if the Supreme Court were to strike down the law,
32 states would likely offer sports betting within five years.
"The legalization of sports gambling
requires an important policy choice, but the choice is not ours to make.
Congress can regulate sports gambling directly, but if it elects not to
do so, each state is free to act on its own. Our job is to interpret
the law Congress has enacted and decide whether it is consistent with
the Constitution. PASPA is not," Justice Samuel Alito wrote for the
The court's decision came in a case from New
Jersey, which has fought for years to legalize gambling on sports at
casinos and racetracks in the state.
More than a dozen states had supported New
Jersey, which argued that Congress exceeded its authority when it passed
the 1992 Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, barring states
from authorizing sports betting. New Jersey said the Constitution
allows Congress to pass laws barring wagering on sports, but Congress
can't require states to keep sports gambling prohibitions in place.
All four major U.S. professional sports
leagues, the NCAA and the federal government had urged the court to
uphold the federal law. In court, the NBA, NFL, NHL and Major League
Baseball had argued that New Jersey's gambling expansion would hurt the
integrity of their games. Outside court, however, leaders of all but the
NFL have shown varying degrees of openness to legalized sports
The American Gaming Association estimates that Americans illegally wager about $150 billion on sports each year.
The 1992 law at issue in the case bars
state-authorized sports gambling with exceptions for Nevada, Montana,
Oregon and Delaware, states that had approved some form of sports
wagering before the law took effect. Nevada is the only state where a
person can wager on the results of a single game, though the law doesn't
cover wagering between friends. The law also doesn't cover animal
races, such as horse racing, which many states already allow.
New Jersey has spent years and millions of
dollars in legal fees trying to legalize sports betting at its casinos,
racetracks and former racetracks. In 2012, with voters' support, New
Jersey lawmakers passed a law allowing sports betting, directly
challenging the 1992 federal law which says states can't "authorize by
law" sports gambling. The four major professional sports leagues and the
NCAA sued, and the state lost in court.
In 2014, New Jersey tried a different tactic
by repealing laws prohibiting sports gambling at casinos and
racetracks. It argued taking its laws off the books was different from
authorizing sports gambling. The state lost again and then took the case
to the Supreme Court.